Vagina: What’s normal, what’s not – Mayo Clinic via uroblog.fr
Un vagin en bonne santé, est une élément important des la santé de la femme. Les problèmes de santé vaginaux, ont des conséquences importantes. Bien delà de la fertilité, les problèmes vaginaux affectent le désir sexuelle et la capacité d’atteindre l’orgasme. Et par ce biais, avoir des conséquences néfastres sur la confiance en soi, stress, problèmes relationnels. Ci après un excellent articles, que vous pouvez lire en version traduite ici.
Vagina: What’s normal, what’s not
Vaginal health affects more than just your sex life. Find out about common vaginal problems and ways to promote a healthy vagina.By Mayo Clinic Staff
Vaginal health is an important part of a woman’s overall health. Vaginal problems can affect your fertility, desire for sex and ability to reach orgasm. Ongoing vaginal health issues can also cause stress or relationship problems and impact your self-confidence. Know the signs and symptoms of vaginal problems and what you can do to protect your vaginal health.
What affects vaginal health?
Female reproductive system
The vagina is a closed muscular canal that extends from the vulva — the outside of the female genital area — to the neck of the uterus (cervix). Various factors can affect the health of your vagina, including:
Sex. Unprotected sex can result in a sexually transmitted infection. Forceful sex or an injury to the pelvic area can result in vaginal trauma.
Certain health conditions or treatments. Conditions, such as endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory disease, might cause painful sex. Scarring from pelvic surgery and certain cancer treatments also can cause painful sex. Use of some antibiotics increases the risk of a vaginal yeast infection.
Birth control and feminine-hygiene products. Barrier contraceptives, such as condoms, diaphragms and associated spermicide, can cause vaginal irritation. Infections after childbirth or using a tampon for longer than 8 hours can increase the risk of toxic shock syndrome — a rare, life-threatening complication of a bacterial infection.
Pregnancy and childbirth. If you become pregnant, you’ll stop menstruating until after your baby is born. During pregnancy, vaginal discharge often increases. Vaginal tears are relatively common during childbirth. In some cases, an episiotomy — an incision made in the tissue between the vaginal opening and anus during childbirth — is needed. A vaginal delivery also can decrease muscle tone in the vagina.
Psychological issues. Anxiety and depression can contribute to a low level of arousal and resulting discomfort or pain during sex. Trauma — such as sexual abuse or an initial painful sexual experience — also can lead to pain associated with sex.
Hormone levels. Changes in your hormone levels can affect your vagina. For example, estrogen production declines after menopause and during breast-feeding. Loss of estrogen can cause the vaginal lining to thin (vaginal atrophy) — making sex painful.